Sensing has numerous applications in the civilian government sector. These
include: Land Use and Mapping, Geology, Hydrology, Coastal Resources,
Environmental Monitoring, Forestry, Wildlife Habitat Assessments, and
monitoring the spread of insect infestations and disease. Accurate cartographic
mapping can track the evolution of terrains with the passage of time. Expanding
populations has resulted in urban growth with attendant problems such as
traffic and air pollution. Observations of the time evolution of urban areas
also allows making predictions of future growth and land use. Hyperspectral
imaging brings the additional dimension of high spectral resolution across
multiple spectral bands to better characterize spatial and temporal trends
across multiple sectors.
assessments of the impact of both natural and man-made disasters are made
possible through advanced data analytics applied to high spatial and temporal
resolution remote-sensing hyperspectral imagery. Fresh water supplies are
becoming an increasingly important resource with multiple demands being placed
on it for agriculture, urban and natural uses. Therefore, monitoring both the
sources of fresh water such as snow cover, streams, rivers, lakes and
reservoirs and their usage is becoming critical in the 21st century.
Finally, with the increasing awareness of global warming and other man-made
environmental disasters, remote-sensing is the only global and economically
viable option for accurate assessments of the impact of industrial and other
human activities on the environment.